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The Case for Somalia to Hedge with Bitcoin: Navigating Economic Resilience

By Amir M Dhiin
Sunday April 28, 2024


In recent years, cryptocurrencies have become an increasingly popular topic of discussion, especially in nations looking to stabilize and diversify their economies. For Somalia, a country striving to overcome decades of conflict and economic instability, Bitcoin offers a novel avenue for economic development and financial sovereignty. Here, we explore the potential benefits and challenges of Somalia hedging with Bitcoin.

Economic Context of Somalia

Somalia's economy has been marred by persistent challenges, including lack of infrastructure, political instability, and limited access to global financial markets. The nation's reliance on remittances, which constitute a significant portion of its GDP, underscores the necessity for a more resilient financial system. Traditional banking infrastructure is sparse, and a large segment of the population remains unbanked. In this context, digital currencies present a compelling alternative.

Why Bitcoin?

  1. Financial Inclusion: Bitcoin can provide a decentralized financial system accessible to everyone, including those without access to traditional banking services. This could revolutionize money transfer processes, reducing dependence on costly remittance services.
  2. Remittance Costs: Somalia is one of the world's largest recipients of remittances. By adopting Bitcoin, the country could drastically reduce the transaction fees associated with sending money internationally, ensuring that more money reaches the hands of Somali families directly.
  3. Currency Stability: The Somali shilling has experienced significant volatility and inflation. Bitcoin, with its global market presence, could serve as a store of value and medium of exchange that might offer more stability than the local currency in times of economic uncertainty.
  4. Economic Autonomy: By adopting a decentralized currency like Bitcoin, Somalia could reduce its dependency on foreign currencies and financial systems, gaining greater control over its economic policies and practices.

Challenges and Considerations

Despite the potential benefits, the adoption of Bitcoin in Somalia is not without challenges. Volatility is a major concern; the price fluctuations associated with Bitcoin could pose risks to those who cannot afford to lose money. Additionally, there is a need for regulatory frameworks to manage and mitigate the risks of fraud, money laundering, and other illicit activities.

The technological infrastructure required to support widespread adoption of Bitcoin is also lacking. Investment in internet access and technology education would be essential to ensure that all segments of the population can participate in the cryptocurrency economy.

Moreover, global perceptions of Bitcoin's legitimacy could affect Somalia's financial relationships. International regulatory bodies and foreign governments may view the adoption of Bitcoin with skepticism, potentially impacting diplomatic and economic interactions.

Moving Forward

For Somalia to successfully hedge with Bitcoin, a phased approach could be beneficial. Initial steps might include:

  • Pilot Programs: Testing Bitcoin transactions in controlled environments to study their impact on the local economy and identify potential challenges.
  • Education Campaigns: Educating the populace about cryptocurrencies, digital security, and the benefits and risks of Bitcoin.
  • Building Infrastructure: Developing the necessary technological infrastructure to support Bitcoin transactions, including reliable internet access and secure platforms.
  • Collaboration with Global Experts: Partnering with international cryptocurrency experts and organizations to build a regulatory framework that ensures transparency and security

While Bitcoin presents an innovative opportunity for economic transformation in Somalia, it also requires careful consideration and strategic planning. The potential to enhance financial inclusion, reduce remittance costs, and increase economic autonomy is compelling, but it must be balanced with measures to address the associated risks and challenges. With thoughtful implementation, Bitcoin could significantly contribute to Somalia's quest for economic stability and growth.

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Amir Dhiin is a Professor at Algonquin College

And long time contributer Hiiraan Online


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