Wednesday September 21, 2022
Businesses run by Somali nationals in Ankara have been facing growing pressure from the Turkish police as well as racist attacks from locals since autumn 2021.
The owner of a Somali restaurant in the Turkish capital of Ankara who came to public attention when he was the victim of racist attacks has been detained to be sent to a deportation center and then back to Somalia, an opposition lawmaker has announced.
Ömer Faruk Gergerlioğlu, a deputy from the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP), announced on Twitter on Wednesday that Mohamed Isse Abdullah, the owner of a Somali restaurant in Ankara’s Kızılay district, has been detained and would be sent to a deportation center. Gergerlioğlu said Abdullah’s detention took place despite the legal measures he took against deportation such as an individual application at Turkey’s Constitutional Court.
The lawmaker, also a prominent human rights activist, called on the Turkish authorities to immediately release the Somali man, accusing them of violating the law and depriving an individual of his freedom.
In June police whitewashed the sign of the Saab restaurant for displaying colors used by Kurdish militants Ankara regards as terrorists.
The development was seen by many as harassment of the Turkish capital’s growing Somali community, which has established restaurants, cafes and clothing stores there over the past few years, becoming the target of abuse in a country where anti-migrant sentiment is on the rise.
Gergerlioğlu in an earlier statement said Abdullah faces the risk of death if he is deported to Somalia.
He said he has been living in Turkey with his wife for more than 10 years, both graduated from Turkish universities and have friendly relations with their neighbors.
According to Neva Övünç, an expert on migration, the revocation of a person’s work permit could lead to their deportation, but if a person faces a risk to their life in their home country, deportation decisions need to be cancelled.
According to a report by the Middle East Eye in October, since the Sözcü daily featured Somali businesses in Kızılay in a report under the headline “Ankara’s hub has become Somalia” and put it on the radar of the nation in April 2021, plainclothes policemen started to pay frequent visits to Somali-owned businesses there, making sporadic ID checks and harassing customers.
The police detained a group of Somali business owners, including Abdullah, at the time.
After being held at police headquarters in Ankara for two nights without explanation, Abdullah and eight others were taken to a deportation center where they learned that the Ankara immigration administration had decided to launch a deportation procedure against them, MEE said.
The incident propelled some Somali business owners to quickly sell off their properties, leading to a number of restaurants passing into the hands of Turkish citizens, according to MEE, which added that for those who failed to find buyers to take over their businesses amid a nationwide economic crisis, the only option was to shut down for good.