Fathi Mohamed Ahmed
Wednesday June 8, 2022
Fardowsa Nur Arab, a widow with four children, has no idea
how to keep her family going. Skyrocketing prices are forcing her to shut the
small restaurant she has been running in Mogadishu’s bustling Zoobe Junction
for the past five years.
“I am losing my only source of income,” she says. “People
can no longer afford to pay for the meals I cook so they have stopped coming to
The worst drought in 40 years, coupled with war in Ukraine,
have led to dramatic price increases for food. The price of a kilo of rice has
shot up from US$0.75 (60p) to $2. Cooking oil has also more than doubled, with
three litres rising from $4.50 to $9.50.
More than 90% of Somalia’s wheat comes from Russia and
Ukraine. With supply routes choked off, and local harvests wiped out by
successive droughts, affordable food and other essentials are running out.
Even those with a good income are struggling. Mohamed
Hussein Ali, a university lecturer, used to be able to provide a comfortable
lifestyle for his family of seven. Now his monthly salary of $800 barely covers
his basic costs.
“Life is tough,” he says. “$130 used to be enough for a
month’s supply of food and milk for the children. Now, not even $250 is
sufficient. A 13kg gas cylinder has gone up from $21 to $46.”
Ali is no longer able to put any of his pay aside for
savings. “Things are going to get worse unless our salaries are increased in
line with inflation.”
The situation is especially desperate for the hundreds of
thousands of displaced people living in makeshift camps in and around the
capital. Every day, more families arrive from drought-stricken areas, putting
further pressure on resource-starved Mogadishu, which is one of the world’s
Drought forced Rukiyo Sheikh Nur to flee to Mogadishu two
weeks ago from her home in the Kuntuwarey district in southern Somalia’s Lower
Shabelle region. She is divorced and pregnant with her sixth child. “There is
no food or water in my home area,” she says. “Our farms are not producing anything
because the rains have failed for three seasons in a row.”
Nur goes out every day in search of work, cleaning homes and
washing clothes. “Sometimes I earn around $4 a day but my family cannot survive
on that. Other days, I come back with nothing.”
The United Nations says more than seven million people in
Somalia are affected by the drought, with about 800,000 forced from their homes
as a result. They have joined the three million people already internally
displaced by conflict, drought and floods, most of whom end up in camps in
towns and cities.
The UN says some areas are close to famine. Humanitarian
appeals have fallen on largely deaf ears, with only 4.4% of requested funds
raised by April.
Somali aid groups are doing what they can. Duniyo Mohamed
Ali, programme manager with the IIDA Women’s Development Organisation, says a
major problem is lack of foresight. “Two months after the rains failed, the
previous government still had not made plans to help people,” she says.
“We are planning to
engage with the new administration, especially the Ministry of Commerce and
Industry and the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, and
encourage them to establish a national emergency plan.”
One of the first acts of the new president, Hassan Sheikh
Mohamud, was to appoint a special drought envoy, Abdirahman Abdishakur Warsame,
who ran against him in last month’s presidential race.
“The country has been busy with elections,” says Warsame.
“Now the president’s No 1 priority is the drought. My job is to coordinate
assistance across the country, including urban areas. I don’t know whether a
plan has been put in place to try to control the high food and fuel prices. I
expect one will be implemented once the new government is in place.”
For Baarliin Mahmud, a shopkeeper, the help will be too
late. She has decided to close her shop because she cannot afford to pay for
stock. “My customers are abandoning me. I am the sole provider for my family,
including my grandsons who live with me. I don’t know how I am going to support
Fathi Mohamed Ahmed
is the deputy chief editor of Bilan, Somalia’s first all-female media house