2014-07-29
Today from Hiiraan Online:  _
The history of hydrocarbon [oil & gas] exploration activities in Somalia

 

[Abdulkadir Abiikar, Petrosom, 2007]

 

#

date

Researcher/Oil Company and/or organisation

Type of work or activity

 

 

 

1

2007

Canmex in joint venture with Range Resources in Puntland

Canmex will start drilling for oil in Puntland at the beginning of 2008 in blocks previously awarded to Conoco. [Conoco declared “force majeure” in 1990.]

2

2006

 Bill St. John’s work and studies in Lynx, a London-based GIS firm

 Wells, fields, concessions, gravity, tectonics, seismic, Landsat and bathymetry incorporating: Hydrocarbon potential of the Eastern Africa offshore, including Somalia,  authored by Bill St. John.

3

2005

Range Resources obtained farm-in deal with Puntland State. [Range is an Australian firm]. The agreement covers on hydrocarbons and mineral exploration in Puntland.

Range Resources won the exploration and development rights of some blocks originally negotiated by Conoco and other foreign oil companies during Siyad Barre’s regime in the 1980s. At 2006 and after 20 years, many of those exploration contracts expired though the companies declared “force majeure”.

4

2005

East African Petroleum Conference [EAPC] in Uganda for promotion of exploration of East Africa

The presentations unveiled the petroleum Potential and Investment Opportunities in East Africa, in particular the East Coast and Horn of Africa.

5

2003

Rovagold Energy Corp., UK to explore oil in Somaliland in coastal area of southeast Berbera.

Explore, develop and produce oil and gas from blocks 35, 36, M-10 and M-10A, previously operated by Amoco, a company that declared force majeure in 1989

6

2002

Michael Brady’s technical talk at Kansas State Univ. for Kansas Geological Society

A summary of past hydrocarbon exploration activities and the hydrocarbon potential of Somalia

7

2001

Arta Transitional National Government awarded exploration concession to Total-Fina-Elf (French company). 

Total-Fina-Elf’s concession consisted of several coastal blocks (12, 9 and 6) previously awarded to Amoco and AGIP, south of Mogadishu from Afgoye – Marka to the delta of Juba River in Kismayo, and beyond to Ras Kiyamboni.  

8

1999

Al Consulting, a Canadian firm undertook hydrocarbon potential of the Eastern African margin, studying 11 countries, including Somalia

Al-Consulting produced a hydrocarbon potential report on Somalia

9

 

 

1992

·          World Bank: African Exploration Opportunities: Somali and East African Rift Basins, 1992

·          Robertson Research geochemical department carried out the studies.

   


·          A study of the geological setting, basin development and tectonic history, petroleum habits and field economics for Somalia, Ethiopia and northern Kenya.

·          Robertson Research geochemistry department (UK) carried out geochemical studies on cores and samples extracted from 27 exploration wells drilled in Somalia. The data analysed and accumulated in database consist of source rock occurrence, type and maturity, along with oils typing and correlation, and oil to source rock correlation.

10

1991

World Bank coordinated  initiative launched by AAPG, Eastern Hemisphere Group in London

Encouraging private investment to develop the petroleum potential of 8 African sub-Saharan countries. Somalia and Sudan ranked at the top of the list of the eight.

11

In 5 decades

The Ministry + oil companies + donors from the international community + World Bank 

Funded to Drill 70 exploratory wells in Somalia in about 60 years of exploration. Some of them were promising. Currently, Somalia is under-explored and became neglected

12

1991

The National Exploration Archive of the Ministry of Minerals & Water Resources

The archive, stores and the database were burnt, looted and destroyed.

13

1989

Brady et al

Evaluation of Hydrocarbon potential of Somalia

14

1960 - 1990

Ministry of Petroleum, Minerals & Water Resources: Built Stores, archive and database

 

The ministry built a National Exploration Archive in which confidential and un-confidential documents, cores and seismic data were stored.

15

1988 - 1991

Report on World Bank-coordinated activity, headed by   Thomas E. O’Connor, ZR Beydoun from Marathon Oil and others.

The activity was funded by the World bank, UNDP, Canada, France and UK in addition to some western oil companies. The activity focused on regional hydrocarbon study of the countries bordering the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. [Saudi Arabia did not participate]. The study indicated that there is good potential for oil and gas deposits in Northern Somalia

16

 

1988

Special paper of the Geological Society of America by Millard F. Coffin and Phillip D. Rabinowitz

Evolution of the Conjugate East African – Madagascan margins and the western Somali Basin. This paper discusses the geologic evolution of the conjugate sedimentary basins and margins produced during the early break-up of Gondowanaland. It utilises interpretations drawn from outcrop, industrial onshore drilling, Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) offshore drilling and numerous data from the region of East Africa, including Somalia

17

1980s

12 International oil companies, including Conoco, Amoco, Arco, Chevron, Shell (Pecten), Phillips and Agip, ENI, sought and obtained  exploration rights in Somalia

Oil companies leased exploration blocks in the North, Northeast and Central Somalia to explore and develop oil and gas.

18

1977

Hilal AF, Pvan G and Robba E published the stratigraphy of the Somali sedimentary basins

Geologia stratigrafica della Somalia, Quaderni Di Geologia, Vol. 1, pp. 19 -50, Facolta’ Di Geologia, Univ. Naz. Som, Mogadishu

19

1976

Barnes SU of Sinclair Somal Corporation (1955 -1960)

Geology and oil prospects of Somalia, East Africa, AAPG, Vol. 60, no.3, pp.389 -413

20

1975

Rompetrol of Romania (state-owned oil company)

Considerations on the oil prospects of the Democratic Republic of Somalia; unpublished, Bucharest, Romania

21

1973

Beltrandi M. and Pyre A

Geological evolution of SW Somalia; in Blant G, ED.; Sedimentary basins of S and E African Coast; pp. 152 -178, Ass. Serv. Geol. Afrique; Paris

22

1972

The geological survey team of the People’s Republic of China

Report on petroleum and coal survey of the Somali Democratic Republic; Beijing

23

1972

The Scientific Team

Deep Sea Drilling Project; Legs 23 -25, Geotimes, Vol. 17 (7)

24

1960

Lyons P. and Benison A. of Sinclair Somali Corporation

Somalia: Geological and geophysical report, unpublished, Mogadishu, Somalia

25

1957 - 1977

AGIP Mineraria – AGIP Somalia

Unpublished reports, Mogadishu; Somalia

26

1968

Andrews SM; Sinclair Somalia corporation

Unpublished final report, Mogadishu; Somalia

27

1950 - 1970

Oil companies (AGIP and Sinclair)

For 2 decades companies worked actively, though their reports were confidential and unaccessible

28

1960

Azzaroli A. and Merla G.

The geologic map of the Somali peninsula

29

1958

Azzaroli A. and Merla G.

Geologic map of Somalia and Ethiopia.

30

1948

In Kenya, Dixey published a report

The Jurassic succession of NE Kenya and the Juba River (the Jubaland)

31

1954

The Somaliland Oil Exploration Company Ltd.

Geological reconnaissance of the sedimentary deposits of the protectorate of British Somaliland

Source: Petrosom, Nov 22, 2007